Identifying Trauma Axioms Applied To Israeliâ"u20ac™s Lived Experiences: International Development Implications
This dissertation research has two purposes: (1) to broaden our knowledge on trauma resilience, and (2) to propose and test a methodology to help a development worker develop a program to address trauma resilience while taking into account the local context. To do this a group of Israeli experts on trauma resilience was recruited, for the purpose of developing a set of axioms about trauma resilience and how these axioms have been or should be applied in Israel. Israel has had to face ongoing terror and war through its history, which has led to a very experienced professional class of academics and practitioners in trauma resilience. The first part of the paper discusses the purpose of the research and the concept behind the research; the use of an expert panel, the Variable Generating Activity (VGA), and the Delphi Technique. The literature review on trauma resilience concentrates on research done in Israel dealing with trauma and trauma resilience and helps develop the framework to categorize the trauma resilience axioms around different societal contexts of analysis: individual, family, community, and national. There were 83 axioms identified. These axioms served as the basis for two follow-up surveys of the Expert Panel. The first survey asked the Panel to rate the 83 axioms identified from the interviews using a 5-point Likert scale (strongly disagree "u2013 strongly agree), and the second survey was to allow the expert panel to provide examples of how the top consensus axioms have been or should be applied in Israel. The methodology was able to successfully broaden our understanding of trauma resilience with the identification of 83 trauma resilience axioms. The axioms spanned all four contexts of analysis, but the majority of trauma resilience axioms, 59%, focused on the individual context. The top consensus axioms emphasized the importance of connections and support within and between contexts, also resilience characteristics within individuals and communities were identified. The methodology also was able to identify strategies to address the axioms. These ideas could help a development worker to develop a plan to address trauma resilience and to take local perspectives and ideas into account.