Jump to navigation
Andrew Young Interviewee: Atlanta, Georgia, 1981 July 25 [Box 140, Item 13, Side 2]
Young discusses his resignation from the United Nations. He talks about what led to the decision and his discussions on the subject with Stoney Cooks, Jesse Hill, Cyrus Vance, and President Jimmy Carter.
00:00 - Tom Dent and Andrew Young continue their conversation about Young's resignation from the United Nations. He wanted to avoid the possibility of demonstrations or race riots outside the U.S. Mission to the U.N. if he stayed on as Ambassador. It was on him to control these forces. When President Jimmy Carter came to meet him [along with Jesse Hill and Stoney Cooks], he insisted that he needed to resign. 01:15 - Young talks about his meeting with Carter. Hill listened. Cooks worried about a split in the Democratic Party. The Black/ Jewish coalition was important. Stu Eizenstat and others in the White House tried to get Israel to say something in Young's defense. They created a statement that Moshe Dayan agreed to. It would have expressed an Israeli understanding of what Young was trying to do. However, Menachem Begin was in the hospital and could not sign off on it.03:45 - Young took these signals as an indication that it was time for him to go. He outlines some ideas of things that could have happened to prevent the situation.05:28 - It was reported on television that Cy Vance had threatened to resign if Young did not. 'Flunkies' in the State Department who thought they were supporting Vance leaked this to the press to put pressure on Young. Young asked Cooks to set up a press conference for that evening.06:45 - Young went to an emotional session at the State Department. He felt support at the White House. It was not in the interest of the country for Carter to make the decision; Young had to make it.08:40 - Dent asks about Jesse Hill's input. Young says he is more of an observer. He was there to help Young make the right decision, but he left before Young met with the White House staff.10:40 - Young felt he had done everything constructive he could do within the administration and he probably would have left at the beginning of the next year anyway to help with the campaign. The president asked him to stay on through his Security Council presidency and a planned trade mission to Africa. They agreed he would resign when he returned from the mission.12:00 - Dent talks about how to end the book. Young talks about how he felt good about the process of leaving the United Nations and never had any doubts, questions, or regrets. Dent asks about comments in the press that Young lied to Vance and to the State Department about meeting with Zehdi Terzi. Young was given instructions to try to stop the resolution from coming up, and they knew of everything else that he did along those lines. Vance never mentioned anything about Young lying to him when they spoke after the meeting became public.[Recording ends 16:47.]
Young, Andrew, 1932-
Carter, Jimmy 1924-
New York City (N.Y.)
Tulane University Digital Library
Amistad Research Center
Audiocassette, mono. 16-bit
Box 140, Item 13, Side 2, Tom Dent collection, Amistad Research Center at Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana
Physical rights are retained by the Amistad Research Center. Copyright is retained in accordance with U.S. copyright laws.