Characterization Of Rv2745c In The Pathogenesis Of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis
Tuberculosis (TB), caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), is the leading cause of death from an infectious disease worldwide. Over the course of its life cycle in vivo, Mtb is exposed to a plethora of environmental stress conditions. Temporal regulation of genes involved in sensing and responding to such conditions is therefore crucial for Mtb to establish an infection. The Rv2745c (clgR) gene encodes a Clp protease gene regulator that is induced in response to a variety of stress conditions and potentially plays a role in Mtb pathogenesis. Our isogenic Mtb:Î”Rv2745c mutant is significantly more sensitive to in vitro redox stress generated by diamide, relative to wild-type Mtb, implicating a role for ClgR in the management of intraphagosomal redox stress. Our data indicates that ClgR plays a role in multiple regulatory networks in response to different stress conditions. Thus, redox stress leads to dysregulation of the ÏƒH/ÏƒE regulon in Mtb:Î”Rv2745c. Induction of clgR in Mtb and Mtb:Î”Rv2745c (comp) did not lead to Clp protease induction, indicating that clgR has additional functions. Disruption of genes involved in sulfate assimilation also occurred in the knock out, implicating clgR as a possible regulator of downstream signaling cascades that facilitate Mtb survival. On the other hand, the expression of clgR during hypoxia is known to result in Clp protease induction. As such, the isogenic mutant has a significantly different growth profile upon hypoxia and reaeration. Transcriptomics reveal disruption of the dosR regulon, ÏƒH/ÏƒE regulon, and mycolic acid synthesis genes. Clearly, the Mtb Rv2745c-encoded ClgR performs different functions during stress response and is important for the pathogenicity of Mtb in vivo. Our in vivo findings in a low dose aerosolized model reveal deficiencies of the isogenic mutant when establishing an infection, leading to skewed immune responses throughout the course of infection. Thus, clgR plays a critical role in both establishing an infection that influence the immunogenic outcome. Additional studies investigating the role of clgR in a nonhuman primate model will further elucidate the contributions of clgR to the pathogenesis of Mtb in an animal model that is more representative of human TB disease.