This thesis examines the relationship between Jordan’s King Abdullah II and Jordanian citizens of Palestinian descent during the first twenty years of his reign. By analyzing the impact of social and political campaigns, popular protests, regional events (e.g., the Second Intifada), and official decisions made by the king, this work seeks to demonstrate that Abdullah’s attitude towards Palestinian Jordanians has changed since he assumed power. Historical divides between East Bank and West Bank Jordanians have persisted throughout his reign, but the threat of a Palestinian uprising has diminished over the past 20 years. This thesis argues that while the Palestinian community in Jordan has become less concerning for the king, he still fears the impact that an influx of more Palestinians could have on his claim to power. Furthermore, he faces new sources of popular dissent, particularly from young East Bank Jordanians.