Representaciones fantasmales en espacios andinos en la novela peruana contemporánea
The Internal War in Peru (1980-2000) had as its political actors the Peruvian army and police forces against the self-called guerrilla groups Sendero Luminoso (SL) and the Movimiento Revolucionario Túpac Amaru (MRTA) that sought to destabilize the institutional order. One of the most affected areas, mainly by SL, was the Central and South Andean regions. The inhabitants of this region, considered one of the poorest and most abandoned by the State, received the deepest impact from the violence of the crossfire and also participated in their own defense through the “rondas campesinas”. There is a novelistic corpus and an important criticizing presence that has narrated and analyzed from different perspectives the problem of violence of those years. This dissertation examines the problem of the representation of the Andean subject in the narrative of the Internal War. I propose that, through updates to the ghost or the ghost condition, it is intended to present a vision of the Andean world in the first novels; the ghostly Andean subject establishes a search and a social demand. Likewise, a criticism of the homogenizing vision of anthropology can be seen, through the use of the ghost, in the first novels, and the invisibility of the Andean subject in the most recent ones. This work is based on four novels: Adiós, Ayacucho by Julio Ortega, Candela quemaluceros by Félix Huamán Cabrera, Un lugar llamado Oreja de Perro by Iván Thays, and La hora azul by Alonso Cueto. In addition, we will dialogue with the Informe de la Comisión Investigadora de los sucesos de Uchuraccay, a commission headed by Mario Vargas Llosa and a report also written by him.