Ralston Crawford Collection of Jazz Photography

Description

Ralston Crawford was a painter, lithographer and photographer. He was born in Ontario, Canada, in 1906, but grew up in Buffalo, New York, where his father worked as a cargo ship captain. At 20, he left home to work on tramp steamers, traveling to Caribbean and South American ports, but abandoned the sailor’s life after a year to enroll in classes at the Otis Art Institute in Los Angeles. After two terms at Otis, he moved east and resumed his studies at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and the Barnes Foundation in Pennsylvania, followed by a yearlong stint in Paris at the Academies Colarossi and Scandinave. By 1934 he was back in the U.S. preparing for his first solo exhibition of paintings at the Maryland Institute of Art. Crawford gained much critical and popular acclaim for his early work, which is most often associated with Precisionism – an American art movement characterized by simplified, geometric forms and themes of industrialization.

Never one to stay in one place for long, Crawford continued to make frequent trips to Europe, and he held posts as visiting professor and artist-in-residence at schools around the country, including the Honolulu School of Art, University of Southern California, Art Academy of Cincinnati and Louisiana State University. Despite his itinerant leanings, one place he returned to again and again was New Orleans.
He first visited the city with camera in tow in 1938 and returned nearly every year for the rest of his life. A longtime jazz enthusiast, Crawford was drawn to the city’s parades and second lines, its bars and clubs, and of course, its musicians, many of whom he considered his closest friends. In 1949, during his tenure as visiting artist at Louisiana State University, he began methodically documenting the musical culture of the city through photography. Where he had previously used the camera as a tool to generate source material for his paintings, his New Orleans photos stand as works unto themselves and mark an important shift in his photography towards a more spontaneous, documentary approach.

According to curator Barbara Haskell of the Whitney Museum of American Art, Crawford had printed nearly 10,000 New Orleans photographs by the end of his life. The Hogan Jazz Archive’s Ralston Crawford Collection of Jazz Photography was acquired in 1961 and includes 741 of what Crawford deemed his best images New Orleans images. Richard B. Allen, former curator of the Archive, who often accompanied him on his photographic excursions, said Crawford “caught joy, grief, rituals, cheating, dancing, selling, boredom, drunkenness, religion, lust, sickness, hard work, friendship and so many other things.”1 In a piece he wrote for The Second Line magazine in 1953, Crawford provided a more understated description of the series: “I have gone and shall continue to go, to bars, night clubs, dances, churches and parades, because the sounds coming from these places are fine. Here is part of my reaction in pictures.”2

Ralston Crawford died in Houston in 1978 and was interred at St. Louis Cemetery No. 3 in New Orleans. According to his wishes, he had a traditional jazz funeral.

1 Anderson, J. Lee, “The Painter as Photographer,” Mississippi Rag, (August 1990): 1-5
2 Crawford, Ralston, “Ralston Crawford’s Photographs,” The Second Line 4 (July-August 1953): 1-12.

Pages

500 Club
The front of the 500 club., raeburn@tulane.edu
Abbie Brunies
Armand Hug Trio member Abbie Brunies on the drums at a Good Time Jazz recording session., raeburn@tulane.edu
Albert Artigues playing with Charlie le Compte's band
Albert Artigues from Charlie Le Compte's band playing the cornet for dancing enjoyment at Campbell's Tavern on Magazine Street., raeburn@tulane.edu
Albert Burbank Band
Herb Morand on the trumpet, Lester Santiago (back to camera) on the piano, Albert Burbank on the clarinet, and Albert Jiles on the drums at the wedding reception for Albert Burbank's niece at the Jeunes Amis hall., raeburn@tulane.edu
Albert Burbank playing clarinet
Albert Burbank on the clarinet at the Jeunes Amis hall., raeburn@tulane.edu
Albert Glenny playing his double bass
Albert Glenny of the Silver Bell Orchestra playing his double bass during rehearsal at the home of Dr. Leonard Bechet on St. Bernard, raeburn@tulane.edu
Albert Jiles playing with the Albert Burbank band
Albert Jiles on the drums at the wedding reception for Albert Burbank's niece at the Jeunes Amis hall., raeburn@tulane.edu
Albert Walters
Albert Walters, tp; Merry-Go-Round parade in the Carrollton Section, raeburn@tulane.edu
Alcide "Slow Drag" Pavageau
"Morning Star Baptist Church; “Slow Drag” Pavageau (b) on left at 910 Burgundy", raeburn@tulane.edu
Alex Bigard playing the drums
Alex Bigard of the Silver Bell Orchestra playing the drums during rehearsal at the home of Dr. Leonard Bechet on St. Bernard, raeburn@tulane.edu
Algiers Music Company
Three women and a child walk past Algiers Music Company building; during a [parade ?] on [1200 block Teche Street ?], Algiers, raeburn@tulane.edu
Alton Purnell and Ernie Cagnolatti playing the piano and trumpet
Alton Purnell playing the piano, next to Ernie Cagnolatti playing the trumpet for pleasure at AFM Local 496 Hall on 1480 N. Claiborne, raeburn@tulane.edu
Alton Purnell writing at a desk
Alton Purnell working as union officer, sitting at his desk, writing, at the AFM Local 496 office on 1480 N. Claiborne the same day as the Fish fry, raeburn@tulane.edu
Anderson Minor and Kid Howard standing on a corner
Anderson Minor and Kid Howard (holding trumpet) standing and talking on the corner of Dryades and Philip Street., raeburn@tulane.edu
Anderson Minor and Red Clark
Anderson Minor watching Red Clark playing the sousaphone on the corner of Dryades and Philip Street, raeburn@tulane.edu
Anderson Minor's Band at Psychiatric Patients Carnival Ball
Albert Walters on the trumpet, Joseph Thomas on the clarinet, Fred Minor on the guitar, Anderson Minor on the bass, and Paul Barbarin on the drums at Psychiatric Patients Carnival Ball in Charity Hospital., raeburn@tulane.edu
Anderson Minor's Silver Leaf Brass Band at a Sunday school parade
Alvin Alcorn on the trumpet, Eddie Pierson on the trombone, and Joseph 'Brother Cornbread' Thomas on the clarinet at a Sunday school parade in front of a Baptist church., raeburn@tulane.edu
Andrew Morgan
Andrew Morgan, cl at home at 919 St. Peter Street, raeburn@tulane.edu
Andrew Morgan
Andrew Morgan, cl at home at 919 St. Peter Street, raeburn@tulane.edu
Andrew Morgan's Brass Band in Sunday school parade
Clement Tervalon, Paul Barbarin, and Harold Dejan standing at the corner of Dryades and Philip Street., raeburn@tulane.edu

Pages